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Examination Content


The OP Examination (MCQ) is designed to evaluate the extent of the candidate's knowledge and clinical judgement in the areas in which an ophthalmologist should demonstrate a high level of competence. Expertise in the broad domain of ophthalmology, and the diagnosis and treatment of both common and rare conditions that have important consequences for patients will be assessed.

The examination content is consistent with a pre-established blueprint developed and used by the American Board of Ophthalmology. ABMS-S, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health Singapore, modified the blueprint to ensure that the content and relative percentages reflect practice of ophthalmology in Singapore. The blueprint will be reviewed and revised annually to ensure that it is current.

The majority of questions are based on patient presentations occurring in settings that reflect current medical practice. Questions requiring simple recall of medical facts are in the minority; the majority of questions require integration of information from several sources, prioritisation of alternatives, and/or utilisation of clinical judgement in reaching a correct conclusion. Some questions require interpretation of pictorial material, such as clinical photographs, magnetic resonance imaging scans, computed tomograms, slit lamp and funduscopic findings, and photomicrographs (e.g. histology and cytology).

The content areas covered and their relative proportions on the examination are as follows:

Table 1 : Examination Content for Ophthalmology MCQ Examination

Medical Content Category Relative Percentage
Cataract / Anterior Segment 11.5
Cornea / External Disease 11.5
Glaucoma 11.5
Neuro-Orbital 10.5
Oculoplastics 10.5
Pathology 5
Paediatrics Strabismus 10
Refractions and Optics 8
Retina Vitreous 11.5
Uveitis 7
Epidemiology / Public Health 3
Total 100%